Sequence-specific DNA binding activity of the cross-brace zinc finger motif of the piggyBac transposase

Nelly Morellet, Xianghong Li, Silke A. Wieninger, Jennifer L. Taylor, Julien Bischerour, Séverine Moriau, Ewen Lescop, Benjamin Bardiaux, Nathalie Mathy, Nadine Assrir, Mireille Bétermier, Michael Nilges, Alison B. Hickman, Fred Dyda, Nancy L. Craig, Eric Guittet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The piggyBac transposase (PB) is distinguished by its activity and utility in genome engineering, especially in humans where it has highly promising therapeutic potential. Little is known, however, about the structure–function relationships of the different domains of PB. Here, we demonstrate in vitro and in vivo that its C-terminal Cysteine-Rich Domain (CRD) is essential for DNA breakage, joining and transposition and that it binds to specific DNA sequences in the left and right transposon ends, and to an additional unexpectedly internal site at the left end. Using NMR, we show that the CRD adopts the specific fold of the cross-brace zinc finger protein family. We determine the interaction interfaces between the CRD and its target, the 5-TGCGT-3/3-ACGCA-5 motifs found in the left, left internal and right transposon ends, and use NMR results to propose docking models for the complex, which are consistent with our site-directed mutagenesis data. Our results provide support for a model of the PB/DNA interactions in the context of the transpososome, which will be useful for the rational design of PB mutants with increased activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2660-2677
Number of pages18
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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