Seventeen patients with upper urinary tract infection who underwent 51 computed tomographic studies (two to five per patient; mean, three) were retrospectively evaluated. Five to 10 days after the initial examination, there was little change in parenchymal abnormalities, but perirenal inflammation worsened and then subsided over 2-8 weeks. Enlargement of the affected kidney, present initially in 12 patients, persisted up to 6 weeks and resolved by 10-16 weeks. Abnormalities of parenchymal contrast material enhancement persisted for 1-2 months. New cortical scars appeared in six of 12 patients with an initially normal renal contour and in one of five patients who had scars initially. Three patients with a renal abscess developed a new calyceal diverticulum, presumably by rupture of the abscess into the collecting system. The present study shows that abnormalities of renal size and enhancement persist for weeks to months after clinical signs of infection resolve and that scarring in adults with urinary tract infection occurs more frequently than was previously realized.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging