Rat liver alcohol dehydrogenase was purified and four isoenzyme forms, demonstrated by starch gel electrophoresis, were separated by O-(carboxymethyl)-cellulose chromatography. Each of the isoenzymes had a distinct isoelectric point. All isoenzymes were active with both ethanol (or acetaldehyde) and steroid substrates, and had similar Michaelis-Menten constants for each of the substrates and coenzymes studied. The three isoenzymes with the lowest migration toward the cathode exhibited the same pH optimum of 10.7 for ethanol oxidation, a greater activity with 5β-androstan-3β-ol-17-one than with ethanol as a substrate, and an unchanged electrophoretic mobility following storage in the presence of 100 μm dithiothreitol. By contrast the isoenzyme with the highest mobility toward the cathode exhibited a pH optimum of 9.5 for ethanol oxidation, a low steroid/ethanol ratio of activity, and converted to the migrating pattern of the two isoenzymes with intermediate mobility when stored. The similarities between the isoenzymes of rat liver alcohol dehydrogenase differ considerably from differences in substrate specificity exhibited by isoenzymes of horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology