Sensory acquisition functions of the cerebellum in verbal working memory

Jutta Peterburs, Yu Liang, Dominic T. Cheng, John E. Desmond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Several fMRI studies have shown that the superior cerebellum exhibits load-dependent activations during encoding of letters in a Sternberg verbal working memory (VWM) task. It has been hypothesized that the cerebellum regulates the acquisition of sensory data across all modalities, and thus, that VWM load activations may reflect high- vs low-load differences in sensory acquisition demands. Therefore, increased difficulty in sensory data acquisition should elicit greater activation in the cerebellum. The present fMRI study manipulated sensory acquisition in VWM by presenting visually degraded and non-degraded stimuli with high and low memory loads, thereby identifying load-dependent regions of interest in the cerebellum, and then testing if these regions showed greater activation for degraded stimuli. Results yielded partial support for the sensory acquisition hypothesis in a load-dependent region of the vermis, which showed significantly greater activation for degraded relative to non-degraded stimuli. Because eye movements did not differ for these stimulus types, and degradation-related activations were present after co-varying eye movements, this activation appears to be related to perceptual rather than oculomotor demands. In contrast to the vermis, load-sensitive regions of the cerebellar hemispheres did not show increased activation for degraded stimuli. These findings point to an overall function of association-based prediction that may underlie general cerebellar function, with perceptual prediction of stimuli from partial representations occurring in the vermis, and articulatory prediction occurring in the hemispheres.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-844
Number of pages12
JournalBrain Structure and Function
Volume226
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Cerebellum
  • Cognition
  • Eye tracking
  • Sensory acquisition
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Histology

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