Sensorimotor and psychosocial determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability in middle-aged and older adults

Nandini Deshpande, Jeffrey E. Metter, Jack Guralnik, Stefania Bandinelli, Luigi Ferrucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To identify sensorimotor and psychosocial determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability. Design: Prospective. Setting: population-based sample of community-dwelling older persons. Participants: Community-living middle-aged and older persons (age: 50-85 years) without baseline mobility disability (n = 622). Measurements: Mobility disability, defined as self-reported inability to walk a quarter mile without resting or inability to walk up a flight of stairs unsupported, was ascertained at baseline and 3-year follow-up. Potential baseline determinant characteristics included demographics, education, social support, financial condition, knee extensor strength, visual contrast sensitivity, cognition, depression, presence of chronic conditions and history of falls. Results: A total of 13.5% participant reported 3-year incident mobility disability. Age ≥75 years, female sex, knee extensor strength in the lowest quartile, visual contrast sensitivity 16) were independent determinants of 3-year incident mobility disability (ORs 1.84-16.51). Conclusions: Low visual contrast sensitivity, poor knee extensor strength and significant depressive symptoms are independent determinants of future onset of mobility disability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberaft135
Pages (from-to)64-69
Number of pages6
JournalAge and Ageing
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Disability
  • Mobility
  • Muscle strength
  • Older people
  • Vision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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