Sensation seeking needs among 8th and 11th graders: Characteristics associated with cigarette and marijuana use

Andrea N. Kopstein, Rosa M. Crum, David D. Celentano, Steven S. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This cross-sectional school-based study explored the relationship between adolescent use of cigarettes and marijuana and the sensation seeking personality factors of (1) Disinhibition and (2) Thrill and Adventure Seeking. The study population included a representative sample of both male and female 8th and 11th graders in the state of Delaware. Analytic methods utilized included correlational analysis and multivariate logistic regression. In the multivariate logistic regression models, the Disinhibition personality factor accounted for cigarette and marijuana using behaviors with odds ratios ranging between 2 and 3. Thrill and Adventure Seeking was not a significant explanatory variable in any of the final multivariate models. Potential confounders (age, gender and race) were considered in all analyses. Of all the two-way interactions assessed, none was significant. The findings from this study utilizing a large general community sample indicate that sensation seeking needs are a potential risk factor for adolescent substance use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-203
Number of pages9
JournalDrug and alcohol dependence
Volume62
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2001

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cigarette use
  • Disinhibition
  • Marijuana use
  • Sensation seeking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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