Self-rated mental health: Screening for depression and posttraumatic stress disorder a mong women exposed to perinatal intimate partner violence

Jennifer C. Kastello, Kathryn H. Jacobsen, Kathleen F. Gaffney, Marie P. Kodadek, Linda C. Bullock, Phyllis W. Sharps

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the validity of a single-item, selfrated mental health (SRMH) measure in the identification of women at risk for depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Baseline data of 239 low-income women participating in an intimate partner violence (IPV) intervention study were analyzed. PTSD was measured with the Davidson Trauma Scale. Risk for depression was determined using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. SRMH was assessed with a single item asking participants to rate their mental health at the time of the baseline interview. Single-item measures can be an efficient way to increase the proportion of patients screened for mental health disorders. Although SRMH is not a strong indicator of PTSD, it may be useful in identifying pregnant women who are at increased risk for depression and need further comprehensive assessment in the clinical setting. Future research examining the use of SRMH among high-risk populations is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-38
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services
Volume53
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Phychiatric Mental Health

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