Self-efficacy estimates for drug use practices predict risk reduction among injection drug users

David D Celentano, Sylvia Cohn, Richard Davis, David Vlahov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We used baseline outcome efficacy (OE) estimates for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk reduction to predict subsequent risk reduction 6 months hence among 792 injection drug users in a prospective study. Declines in drug use, frequency of injection, and needle sharing were found among those with high OE scores after adjustment for baseline behavior and antecedent factors. No OE effect was found in multivariate analysis for shooting gallery attendance, a risk that substantially declined in this cohort. OE for needle disinfection was associated with reduced drug risk behaviors, but not for improved needle hygiene practices over time. The self-efficacy model is useful in understanding psychological factors in risk reduction among injection drug users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-256
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Self Efficacy
Risk Reduction Behavior
Drug Users
self-efficacy
drug use
drug
Injections
Needles
Needle Sharing
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Disinfection
Risk-Taking
Hygiene
psychological factors
hygiene
Multivariate Analysis
risk behavior
multivariate analysis
HIV
Prospective Studies

Keywords

  • HIV Risk Reduction
  • Injection Drug Use
  • Outcome Efficacy
  • Risk Perception
  • Self-Efficacy
  • Social Learning Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Self-efficacy estimates for drug use practices predict risk reduction among injection drug users. / Celentano, David D; Cohn, Sylvia; Davis, Richard; Vlahov, David.

In: Journal of Urban Health, Vol. 79, No. 2, 2002, p. 245-256.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Celentano, David D ; Cohn, Sylvia ; Davis, Richard ; Vlahov, David. / Self-efficacy estimates for drug use practices predict risk reduction among injection drug users. In: Journal of Urban Health. 2002 ; Vol. 79, No. 2. pp. 245-256.
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