Self-criticism, failure, and depressive affect

A test of personality-event congruence and symptom specificity

Tamar Mendelson, Rand J. Gruen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Diathesis-stress models of cognitive vulnerability to depression posit that personality factors (e.g., self-criticism) interact with congruent negative life events to produce distinct depressive symptom clusters. The present study employed a stress-induction procedure to assess whether self-criticism would interact with achievement-related failure to increase introjective depressive affect in a nonclinical sample. Hypotheses were generally supported with respect to introjective depressive affect reported immediately following the stress-induction procedure. However, self-criticism did not interact with achievement failure in predicting depressive affect reported 24 hours later.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-314
Number of pages14
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Personality Tests
Depression
Disease Susceptibility
Personality
Self-Assessment

Keywords

  • Congruence
  • Depression
  • Self-criticism
  • Specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Self-criticism, failure, and depressive affect : A test of personality-event congruence and symptom specificity. / Mendelson, Tamar; Gruen, Rand J.

In: Cognitive Therapy and Research, Vol. 29, No. 3, 06.2005, p. 301-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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