Self-criticism, failure, and depressive affect: A test of personality-event congruence and symptom specificity

Tamar Mendelson, Rand J. Gruen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Diathesis-stress models of cognitive vulnerability to depression posit that personality factors (e.g., self-criticism) interact with congruent negative life events to produce distinct depressive symptom clusters. The present study employed a stress-induction procedure to assess whether self-criticism would interact with achievement-related failure to increase introjective depressive affect in a nonclinical sample. Hypotheses were generally supported with respect to introjective depressive affect reported immediately following the stress-induction procedure. However, self-criticism did not interact with achievement failure in predicting depressive affect reported 24 hours later.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-314
Number of pages14
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005
Externally publishedYes



  • Congruence
  • Depression
  • Self-criticism
  • Specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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