Self-care agency: conceptualizations and operationalizations.

H. L. Gast, M. J. Denyes, J. C. Campbell, D. L. Hartweg, D. Schott-Baer, M. Isenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This article traces the interactive process between theory and research as it has been used to clarify the concept of self-care agency, a key concept in Orem's model of nursing. Theoretical constructions of self-care agency that have emerged in the work of Orem and the Nursing Development Conference Group are reviewed. Operational measures of self-care agency are described, particularly with regard to their underlying theoretical formulations. Factorial structures for some self-care agency instruments are related to the components of self-care agency in Orem's most recent conceptualization. Dimensions of self-care agency that are consistently supported by research studies of this phenomenon are identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-38
Number of pages13
JournalANS. Advances in nursing science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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