Secreted semaphorins from degenerating larval ORN axons direct adult projection neuron dendrite targeting

Lora B. Sweeney, Ya Hui Chou, Zhuhao Wu, William Joo, Takaki Komiyama, Christopher J. Potter, Alex L. Kolodkin, K. Christopher Garcia, Liqun Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During assembly of the Drosophila olfactory circuit, projection neuron (PN) dendrites prepattern the developing antennal lobe before the arrival of axons from their presynaptic partners, the adult olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs). We previously found that levels of transmembrane Semaphorin-1a, which acts as a receptor, instruct PN dendrite targeting along the dorsolateral-ventromedial axis. Here we show that two secreted semaphorins, Sema-2a and Sema-2b, provide spatial cues for PN dendrite targeting. Sema-2a and Sema-2b proteins are distributed in gradients opposing the Sema-1a protein gradient, and Sema-1a binds to Sema-2a-expressing cells. In Sema-2a and Sema-2b double mutants, PN dendrites that normally target dorsolaterally in the antennal lobe mistarget ventromedially, phenocopying cell-autonomous Sema-1a removal from these PNs. Cell ablation, cell-specific knockdown, and rescue experiments indicate that secreted semaphorins from degenerating larval ORN axons direct dendrite targeting. Thus, a degenerating brain structure instructs the wiring of a developing circuit through the repulsive action of secreted semaphorins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)734-747
Number of pages14
JournalNeuron
Volume72
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 8 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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