Secondary pediatric encephalocele after ventriculosubgaleal shunting for posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus

Daniel Seeburg, Edward Ahn, Thierry Huisman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Intraventricular hemorrhage and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus continue to be common complications in very low-birth-weight premature infants, often requiring ventricular shunting for cerebrospinal fluid diversion. We report on two infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus that developed a secondary encephalocele after ventriculosubgaleal shunting. Encephaloceles can act as a source of seizure activity and can result in various additional complications including meningitis, abscess formation, and infarction of herniated brain parenchyma. With continued improvements in neonatal intensive care, the survival of infants with significant medical comorbidities-including those that develop posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus requiring ventricular shunting-continues to increase. It is thus important for the radiologist and treating physician to be aware of this rare, potential complication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-255
Number of pages4
JournalNeuropediatrics
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • burr hole
  • encephalocele
  • intraventricular hemorrhage
  • posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus
  • premature infant
  • ventriculosubgaleal shunt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

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