Searching for genes that matter in acute kidney injury: A systematic review

Jonathan C.T. Lu, Steven G. Coca, Uptal D. Patel, Lloyd Cantley, Chirag R. Parikh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Identifying patients who may develop acute kidney injury (AKI) remains challenging, as clinical determinants explain only a portion of individual risk. Another factor that likely affects risk is intrinsic genetic variability. Therefore, a systematic review of studies was performed that related the development or prognosis of AKI to genetic variation. Design, setting, participants, and measurements: MEDLINE, EMBASE, HuGEnet, SCOPUS, and Web of Science were searched for articles from 1950 to Dec 2007. Two independent researchers screened articles using predetermined criteria. Studies were assessed for methodological quality via an aggregate scoring system. Results: The 16 included studies were of cohort or case-cohort design and investigated 35 polymorphisms in 21 genes in association with AKI. Fifteen gene-gene interactions were also investigated in four separate studies. Study populations were primarily premature infants or adults who were critically ill or postcardiac bypass patients. Among the studies, five different definitions of AKI were used. Only one polymorphism, APO E e2/e3/e4, had greater than one study showing a significant impact (P < 0.05) on AKI incidence. The mean quality score of 5.8/10 (range four to nine), heterogeneity in the studies, and the dearth of studies precluded additional meta-analysis of the results. Conclusions: Current association studies are unable to provide definitive evidence linking genetic variation to AKI. Future success will require a narrow consensus definition of AKI, rigorous epidemiologic techniques, and a shift from a priori hypothesis-driven to genome-wide association studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1020-1031
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Searching for genes that matter in acute kidney injury: A systematic review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this