Screening women in jails for chlamydial and gonococcal infection using urine tests feasibility, acceptability, prevalence, and treatment rates

Kristen J. Mertz, Jane R. Schwebke, Charlotte A Gaydos, Heidi A. Beidinger, Scott D. Tulloch, William C. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Women entering jails are at high risk for sexually transmitted diseases; however, screening for chlamydial and gonococcal infection is not routinely performed in most jails. New urine tests have made it easier to screen for these infections in nonclinical settings. Goal: The feasibility and acceptability of urine-based screening for women entering jails and the prevalence of and treatment rates for chlamydial and gonococcal infections were determined. Study Design: Women entering jails in Chicago, Illinois; Birmingham, Alabama; and Baltimore, Maryland, who signed consent forms were tested for chlamydial and gonococcal infection by means of the urine ligase chain reaction assay. Those testing positive were treated in jail; health department staff members attempted to contact those already released. Results: Most women who were approached agreed to be tested (range, 87-98%, depending on city), and most of these women provided a specimen (range, 92-100%). Among 5364 women aged 16 to 75 years who were tested, the prevalence of chlamydial and gonococcal infections was high, especially among those

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-276
Number of pages6
JournalSexually Transmitted Diseases
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)

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