Screening for cervical carcinoma using visual inspection with acetic acid

E. S. Abdel-Hady, M. Emam, A. Al-Gohary, M. Hassan, M. K. Farag, M. Abo-Elkheir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objective: To assess the performance of visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) as a screening test for early detection of cervical carcinoma in the Dakahlia Governorate in Egypt. Methods: Diluted acetic acid (5%) was applied to the cervix during routine gynecologic examination. Women with positive results were referred for colposcopy. Those with negative results were referred for colposcopy only when they had clinical indications. Results: Among the 5000 women who were screened using VIA, 409 were referred for colposcopy. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) was diagnosed in 151 (60%) of the 253 women with positive screening results and in 4 of the 156 women with negative screening results. There were 39 women with high-grade and 116 with low-grade CIN. The sensitivity and negative predictive value of the VIA screening test was 97%. Its positive predictive value was 60% for all grades of CIN and 90% for high-grade CIN. Conclusion: Visual inspection with acetic acid, although associated with a relatively high rate of false-positive results, is a valuable test for the screening of cervical carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)118-122
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Cervical cancer
  • Screening
  • Visual inspection with acetic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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