Scrambler therapy for incident pain in bone metastases

Lauren E. Berninger, Thomas J. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Incident pain, described as pain induced by bone metastasis and produced by movement, can be devastating. The high doses of opioids needed to control such pain may sedate the patient and cause additional complications. Treatment of incident pain with pharmaceuticals has rarely been studied; only eight patients have been reported in the literature who did not receive additional opioids. We present the case of a 69 year old man with shoulder destruction due to bone metastases who was able to use his arm for normal activities without pain after three sessions of scrambler therapy, a noninvasive form of electrical neuromodulation that requires further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Osteopathic Medicine
StateAccepted/In press - 2021


  • incident pain
  • neuromodulation
  • pain from bone metastases
  • scrambler therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Complementary and Manual Therapy

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Scrambler therapy for incident pain in bone metastases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this