SCOPRISM: A new algorithm for automatic sleep scoring in mice

Stefano Bastianini, Chiara Berteotti, Alessandro Gabrielli, Flavia Del Vecchio, Roberto Amici, Chloe Alexandre, Thomas E. Scammell, Mary Gazea, Mayumi Kimura, Viviana Lo Martire, Alessandro Silvani, Giovanna Zoccoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Background: Scoring of wake-sleep states by trained investigators is a time-consuming task in many sleep experiments. We aimed to validate SCOPRISM, a new open-source algorithm for sleep scoring based on automatic graphical clustering of epoch distribution. Methods: We recorded sleep and blood pressure signals of 36 orexin-deficient, 7 leptin knock-out, and 43 wild-type control mice in the PRISM laboratory. Additional groups of mice (n= 14) and rats (n= 6) recorded in independent labs were used to validate the algorithm across laboratories. Results: The overall accuracy, specificity and sensitivity values of SCOPRISM (97%, 95%, and 94%, respectively) on PRISM lab data were similar to those calculated between human scorers (98%, 98%, and 94%, respectively). Using SCOPRISM, we replicated the main sleep and sleep-dependent cardiovascular findings of our previous studies. Finally, the cross-laboratory analyses showed that the SCOPRISM algorithm performed well on mouse and rat data. Comparison with existing methods: SCOPRISM performed similarly or even better than recently reported algorithms. SCOPRISM is a very simple algorithm, extensively (cross)validated and with the possibility to evaluate its efficacy following a quick and easy visual flow chart. Conclusions: We validated SCOPRISM, a new, automated and open-source algorithm for sleep scoring on a large population of mice, including different mutant strains and on subgroups of mice and rats recorded by independent labs. This algorithm should help accelerate basic research on sleep and integrative physiology in rodents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-284
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
StatePublished - Sep 30 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Mice
  • Narcolepsy
  • Rat
  • Scoring
  • Sleep
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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