Science review: Searching for gene candidates in acute lung injury

Dmitry N. Grigoryev, James H. Finigan, Paul Hassoun, Joe G.N. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a complex and devastating illness, often occurring within the setting of sepsis, and carries an annual mortality rate of 30-50%. Although the genetic basis of ALI has not been fully established, an increasing body of evidence suggests that genetic predisposition contributes to disease susceptibility and severity. Significant difficulty exists, however, in defining the exact nature of these genetic factors, including large phenotypic variance, incomplete penetrance, complex gene-environment interactions, and strong potential for locus heterogeneity. We utilized the candidate gene approach and an ortholog gene database to provide relevant gene ontologies and insights into the genetic basis of ALI. We employed a Medline search of selected basic and clinical studies in the English literature and studies sponsored by the HopGene National Institutes of Health sponsored Program in Genomic Applications. Extensive gene expression profiling studies in animal models of ALI (rat, murine, canine), as well as in humans, were performed to identify potential candidate genes (http://www.hopkins-genomics.org/). We identified a number of candidate genes for ALI, with blood coagulation and inflammation gene ontologies being the most highly represented. The candidate gene approach coupled with extensive gene profiling and novel bioinformatics approaches is a valuable way to identify genes that are involved in ALI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)440-447
Number of pages8
JournalCritical Care
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004

Keywords

  • Acute lung injury
  • Candidate genes
  • Gene expression
  • Gene ontology
  • Microarrays
  • Polymorphisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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