School-based mental health intervention for children in war-affected Burundi: A cluster randomized trial

Wietse Anton Tol, Ivan H. Komproe, Mark J.D. Jordans, Aline Ndayisaba, Prudence Ntamutumba, Heather Sipsma, Eva S. Smallegange, Robert D. Macy, Joop T.V.M. De Jong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The 2009 Machel report estimates that just over one billion children and adolescents live in countries and territories affected by armed conflict [1]. In 2011 alone, 37 armed conflicts were recorded globally, the majority in Africa (n = 15, 41%), Asia (n = 13, 35%), and the Middle East (n = 6, 16%) [2]. Epidemiological studies have shown that armed conflicts are associated with a wide range of child mental health outcomes. These may range from resilience, that is, maintained mental health in the face of adversity, to increased psychological distress and heightened prevalence of mental disorders including (symptoms of) post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety disorders [3].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationChildhood Adversity and Developmental Effects
Subtitle of host publicationInternational and Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives
PublisherApple Academic Press
Pages271-295
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9781498722124
ISBN (Print)9781771881104
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

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