We have shown recently that the multifunctional growth factor, scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor (SF/HGF), and its receptor c-met enhance the malignancy of human glioblastoma through an autocrine stimulatory loop (R. Abounader et al., J. Natl. Cancer Inst., 91:1548 -1556,1999). This report examines the effects of SF/HGF:c-met signaling on human glioma cell responses to DNA-damaging agents. Pretreating U373 human glioblastoma cells with recombinant SF/HGF partially abrogated their cytotoxic responses to gamma irradiation, cisplatin, camptothecin, Adriamycin, and Taxol in vitro. This cytoprotective effect of SF/HGF occurred at least in part through an inhibition of apoptosis, as evidenced by diminished terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling index and reduced DNA laddering. Anti-c-met U1/ribozyme gene transfer inhibited the ability of SF/HGF to protect against single-strand DNA breakage, DNA fragmentation, and glioblastoma cell death caused by DNA-damaging agents, demonstrating a requirement for c-met receptor function. Phosphorylation of the cell survival-promoting kinase Akt (protein kinase B) resulted from SF/HGF treatment of U373 cells, and both Akt phosphorylation and cell survival induced by SF/HGF were inhibited by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitors but not by inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase or protein kinase C. Cytoprotection by SF/HGF in vitro was also inhibited by transient expression of dominant-negative Akt. Transgenic SF/HGF expression by intracranial 9L gliosarcomas reduced tumor cell sensitivity to gamma irradiation, confirming the cytoprotective effect of SF/HGF in vivo. These findings demonstrate that c-met receptor activation by SF/HGF protects certain glioblastoma cells from DNA-damaging agents by activating phosphoinositol 3-kinase-dependent and Akt-dependent antiapoptotic pathways.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research