Scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor in brain tumor growth and angiogenesis

Roger Abounader, John J Laterra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The multifunctional growth factor scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor (SF/HGF) and its receptor tyrosine kinase c-Met have emerged as key determinants of brain tumor growth and angiogenesis. SF/HGF and c-Met are expressed in brain tumors, the expression levels frequently correlating with tumor grade, tumor blood vessel density, and poor prognosis. Overexpression of SF/HGF and/or c-Met in brain tumor cells enhances their tumorigenicity, tumor growth, and tumor-associated angiogenesis. Conversely, inhibition of SF/HGF and c-Met in experimental tumor xenografts leads to inhibition of tumor growth and tumor angiogenesis. SF/HGF is expressed and secreted mainly by tumor cells and acts on c-Met receptors that are expressed in tumor cells and vascular endothelial cells. Activation of c-Met leads to induction of proliferation, migration, and invasion and to inhibition of apoptosis in tumor cells as well as in tumor vascular endothelial cells. Activation of tumor endothelial c-Met also induces extracellular matrix degradation, tubule formation, and angiogenesis in vivo. SF/HGF induces brain tumor angiogenesis directly through only partly known mechanisms and indirectly by regulating other angiogenic pathways such as VEGF. Different approaches to inhibiting SF/HGF and c-Met have been recently developed. These include receptor antagonism with SF/HGF fragments such as NK4, SF/HGF, and c-Met expression inhibition with U1snRNA/ribozymes; competitive ligand binding with soluble Met receptors; neutralizing antibodies to SF/HGF; and small molecular tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Use of these inhibitors in experimental tumor models leads to inhibition of tumor growth and angiogenesis. In this review, we summarize current knowledge of how the SF/HGF:c-Met pathway contributes to brain tumor malignancy with a focus on glioma angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)436-451
Number of pages16
JournalNeuro-Oncology
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

Fingerprint

Hepatocyte Growth Factor
Brain Neoplasms
Growth
Neoplasms
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Endothelial Cells
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met
Vascular Tissue Neoplasms
Catalytic RNA

Keywords

  • Blood vessel formation
  • c-Met
  • Glioma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor in brain tumor growth and angiogenesis. / Abounader, Roger; Laterra, John J.

In: Neuro-Oncology, Vol. 7, No. 4, 10.2005, p. 436-451.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{48c892bbb518441994f717835bffd3a9,
title = "Scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor in brain tumor growth and angiogenesis",
abstract = "The multifunctional growth factor scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor (SF/HGF) and its receptor tyrosine kinase c-Met have emerged as key determinants of brain tumor growth and angiogenesis. SF/HGF and c-Met are expressed in brain tumors, the expression levels frequently correlating with tumor grade, tumor blood vessel density, and poor prognosis. Overexpression of SF/HGF and/or c-Met in brain tumor cells enhances their tumorigenicity, tumor growth, and tumor-associated angiogenesis. Conversely, inhibition of SF/HGF and c-Met in experimental tumor xenografts leads to inhibition of tumor growth and tumor angiogenesis. SF/HGF is expressed and secreted mainly by tumor cells and acts on c-Met receptors that are expressed in tumor cells and vascular endothelial cells. Activation of c-Met leads to induction of proliferation, migration, and invasion and to inhibition of apoptosis in tumor cells as well as in tumor vascular endothelial cells. Activation of tumor endothelial c-Met also induces extracellular matrix degradation, tubule formation, and angiogenesis in vivo. SF/HGF induces brain tumor angiogenesis directly through only partly known mechanisms and indirectly by regulating other angiogenic pathways such as VEGF. Different approaches to inhibiting SF/HGF and c-Met have been recently developed. These include receptor antagonism with SF/HGF fragments such as NK4, SF/HGF, and c-Met expression inhibition with U1snRNA/ribozymes; competitive ligand binding with soluble Met receptors; neutralizing antibodies to SF/HGF; and small molecular tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Use of these inhibitors in experimental tumor models leads to inhibition of tumor growth and angiogenesis. In this review, we summarize current knowledge of how the SF/HGF:c-Met pathway contributes to brain tumor malignancy with a focus on glioma angiogenesis.",
keywords = "Blood vessel formation, c-Met, Glioma",
author = "Roger Abounader and Laterra, {John J}",
year = "2005",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1215/S1152851705000050",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
pages = "436--451",
journal = "Neuro-Oncology",
issn = "1522-8517",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor in brain tumor growth and angiogenesis

AU - Abounader, Roger

AU - Laterra, John J

PY - 2005/10

Y1 - 2005/10

N2 - The multifunctional growth factor scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor (SF/HGF) and its receptor tyrosine kinase c-Met have emerged as key determinants of brain tumor growth and angiogenesis. SF/HGF and c-Met are expressed in brain tumors, the expression levels frequently correlating with tumor grade, tumor blood vessel density, and poor prognosis. Overexpression of SF/HGF and/or c-Met in brain tumor cells enhances their tumorigenicity, tumor growth, and tumor-associated angiogenesis. Conversely, inhibition of SF/HGF and c-Met in experimental tumor xenografts leads to inhibition of tumor growth and tumor angiogenesis. SF/HGF is expressed and secreted mainly by tumor cells and acts on c-Met receptors that are expressed in tumor cells and vascular endothelial cells. Activation of c-Met leads to induction of proliferation, migration, and invasion and to inhibition of apoptosis in tumor cells as well as in tumor vascular endothelial cells. Activation of tumor endothelial c-Met also induces extracellular matrix degradation, tubule formation, and angiogenesis in vivo. SF/HGF induces brain tumor angiogenesis directly through only partly known mechanisms and indirectly by regulating other angiogenic pathways such as VEGF. Different approaches to inhibiting SF/HGF and c-Met have been recently developed. These include receptor antagonism with SF/HGF fragments such as NK4, SF/HGF, and c-Met expression inhibition with U1snRNA/ribozymes; competitive ligand binding with soluble Met receptors; neutralizing antibodies to SF/HGF; and small molecular tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Use of these inhibitors in experimental tumor models leads to inhibition of tumor growth and angiogenesis. In this review, we summarize current knowledge of how the SF/HGF:c-Met pathway contributes to brain tumor malignancy with a focus on glioma angiogenesis.

AB - The multifunctional growth factor scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor (SF/HGF) and its receptor tyrosine kinase c-Met have emerged as key determinants of brain tumor growth and angiogenesis. SF/HGF and c-Met are expressed in brain tumors, the expression levels frequently correlating with tumor grade, tumor blood vessel density, and poor prognosis. Overexpression of SF/HGF and/or c-Met in brain tumor cells enhances their tumorigenicity, tumor growth, and tumor-associated angiogenesis. Conversely, inhibition of SF/HGF and c-Met in experimental tumor xenografts leads to inhibition of tumor growth and tumor angiogenesis. SF/HGF is expressed and secreted mainly by tumor cells and acts on c-Met receptors that are expressed in tumor cells and vascular endothelial cells. Activation of c-Met leads to induction of proliferation, migration, and invasion and to inhibition of apoptosis in tumor cells as well as in tumor vascular endothelial cells. Activation of tumor endothelial c-Met also induces extracellular matrix degradation, tubule formation, and angiogenesis in vivo. SF/HGF induces brain tumor angiogenesis directly through only partly known mechanisms and indirectly by regulating other angiogenic pathways such as VEGF. Different approaches to inhibiting SF/HGF and c-Met have been recently developed. These include receptor antagonism with SF/HGF fragments such as NK4, SF/HGF, and c-Met expression inhibition with U1snRNA/ribozymes; competitive ligand binding with soluble Met receptors; neutralizing antibodies to SF/HGF; and small molecular tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Use of these inhibitors in experimental tumor models leads to inhibition of tumor growth and angiogenesis. In this review, we summarize current knowledge of how the SF/HGF:c-Met pathway contributes to brain tumor malignancy with a focus on glioma angiogenesis.

KW - Blood vessel formation

KW - c-Met

KW - Glioma

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=27644543354&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=27644543354&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1215/S1152851705000050

DO - 10.1215/S1152851705000050

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 436

EP - 451

JO - Neuro-Oncology

JF - Neuro-Oncology

SN - 1522-8517

IS - 4

ER -