Safety profile of lumbosacropelvic fixation in patients aged 60 years or older: Comparison between s2-alar-iliac screws and conventional iliac screws

Wataru Ishida, Seba Ramhmdani, Joshua Casaos, Alexander Perdomo-Pantoja, Benjamin D. Elder, Nicholas Theodore, Ziya L. Gokaslan, Jean Paul Wolinsky, Daniel M. Sciubba, Ali Bydon, Timothy F. Witham, Sheng Fu L. Lo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Design:This is a retrospective study.Objective:To report the safety profile of S2-alar-iliac (S2AI) in patients over 60, comparing S2AI screws with iliac screws (ISs).Summary of Background Data:The surgical management involving the lumbosacropelvic spine remains a challenge due to high mechanical demand and risk of pseudarthrosis. Previous articles showed lower rates of complications in patients receiving S2AI screws than ISs; however, none of them have focused on patients aged over 60 who may harbor significant comorbidities and thus require more meticulous perioperative management, given these invasive and lengthy procedures.Materials and Methods:Retrospective review of clinical records from 2010 to 2015 identified 60 patients undergoing lumbosacropelvic fixation (17 patients with ISs and 43 patients with S2AI screws) who satisfied the following criteria: (1) patients aged over 60 years old and (2) patients with >1-year follow-up periods. Rates of complications such as unplanned reoperation and cardiorespiratory complications were collected and statistically analyzed.Results:Baseline characteristics such as age, sex, and comorbidities were similar in both groups. The S2AI group had lower rates of reoperation (18.6% vs. 47.4%; P=0.02), surgical site infection (2.3% vs. 29.4%; P=0.006), wound dehiscence (2.3% vs. 29.4%; P=0.006), and postoperative anemia (7.0% vs. 29.4%; P=0.03) and had lower total volume of estimated blood loss (EBL) (mL) (1846.4 vs. 2721.2; P=0.02) and transfused red blood cell units (7.2 vs. 4.7; P=0.04) than the IS group, while rates of L5-S1 pseudarthrosis and other cardiorespiratory complications were similar in both groups. In multivariate analysis, operative time, body mass index, and use of S2AI screws over ISs were independent predictors of EBL.Conclusions:Use of S2AI screws over ISs in patients aged over 60 was associated with lower rates of reoperation, surgical site infection, wound dehiscence, and lower volume of EBL and red blood cell transfusion and is a viable surgical option.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E200-E205
JournalClinical Spine Surgery
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Keywords

  • S2-alar-iliac screw
  • iliac screw
  • lumbosacropelvic fixation
  • pelvic screw
  • reoperation
  • sacroiliac joint pain
  • screw prominence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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