Safety profile of intravenous and subcutaneous siplizumab, an anti-CD2 monoclonal antibody, for the treatment of plaque psoriasis: Results of two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies

Richard G. Langley, Kim Papp, Robert Bissonnette, Darryl Toth, Robert Matheson, Micki Hultquist, Barbara White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Several biologics targeting different cytokines and receptors, including T-cell receptors, have been approved for psoriasis treatment. Siplizumab, a humanized anti-CD2 monoclonal antibody, may potentially provide an alternative therapy for psoriasis. Its safety profile and immunogenicity was examined in adults with plaque psoriasis. Two multicenter phase II randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies: one tested two intravenous (I.V.) doses (0.012 and 0.04 mg/kg) of siplizumab every 2 weeks × 8 doses (124 patients); the second study tested three subcutaneous (S.C.) dose regimens of siplizumab (5 mg × 12 weeks, 5 mg × 6 weeks + placebo × 6 weeks, 7 mg × 4 weeks + placebo × 8 weeks), and placebo × 12 weeks (420 patients). Adverse events (AEs) and laboratory values were monitored. Immunogenicity was determined by anti-siplizumab antibodies quantification. In both studies, siplizumab exhibited an acceptable safety profile; most common AEs judged to be siplizumab related were lymphopenia, chills, and headache, reported at a higher frequency in the siplizumab-treated vs. placebo group. Siplizumab-related reductions in absolute lymphocyte count did not result in clinical evidence of immune suppression. Anti-siplizumab antibodies were detected after exposure to siplizumab; however, there was no evidence of an association between antibody development and AEs. Siplizumab exhibited an acceptable safety profile in adult patients with plaque psoriasis when administered as multiple I.V. or S.C. doses. Higher, clinically relevant doses of siplizumab would need to be tested to fully assess its safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)818-828
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Dermatology
Volume49
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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