Safety considerations for outpatient electroconvulsive therapy

Irving M. Reti, Melinda Walker, Kathy Pulia, Jesus Gallegos, Geetha Jayaram, Punit Vaidya

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


As electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) requires general anesthesia and is associated with both cognitive and non-cognitive side effects, careful consideration must be given to the safety aspects of providing ECT on an outpatient basis. Drawing upon published literature and their clinical experience administering outpatient ECT, the authors propose best practices for safely providing ECT to outpatients. They review criteria for selecting patients for outpatient ECT as well as treatment and programmatic issues. The authors highlight the importance of educating referring clinicians as well as patients and their families about factors involved in the safe delivery of ECT for outpatients. Fiscal considerations and the drive toward reduced length of stay are prompting insurers and caregivers to choose outpatient over inpatient ECT. For each patient, such a choice merits a careful analysis of the risks of outpatient ECT, as well as the implementation of measures to ensure patient safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-136
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of psychiatric practice
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012


  • cognitive side effects
  • electroconvulsive therapy
  • inpatient
  • outpatient
  • safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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