Among Shigella serotypes Shigella dysenteriae type 1 produces the most severe disease, including cases of hemolytic-uremic syndrome and pandemic outbreaks. WRSd1 is a live S. dysenteriae 1 strain attenuated by deletion of the virG(icsA) gene, which encodes a protein that mediates intercellular spread, and stxA and stxB, which encode the Shiga toxin. In this Phase I trial five groups of eight subjects ingested escalating doses of WRSd1 ranging from 103 to 107 CFU. No subject experienced fever or shigellosis, but 20% had diarrhea. Approximately two-thirds of subjects developed an IgA-ASC response to LPS. Days of fecal shedding of the vaccine strain, but not dose ingested, correlated with stronger immune responses. These results suggest that to be effective an attenuated Shigella vaccine must colonize well.
- Live attenuated vaccine
- S. dysenteriae
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases