Sacral nerve stimulation with optimized parameters improves visceral hypersensitivity in rats mediated via the autonomic pathway

Liuqin Jiang, Nina Zhang, Shengai Zhang, Jiande D.Z. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine effects and mechanisms of sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) on visceral hypersensitivity in rodent models of colonic hypersensitivity. SNS was performed with different sets of parameters for 30 min in six regular rats. Visceral sensitivity was assessed by the measurement of electromyogram and abdominal withdrawal reflex before and after SNS. Real/sham SNS with optimized parameters was performed in 8 restraint stress-induced visceral hypersensitivity rats and 10 neonatal acetic acid-treated colonic hypersensitivity rats; acute effect of SNS was assessed by comparing electromyogram and heart rate variability. Neonatal acetic acid-treated rats were treated by SNS (n = 10) or sham-SNS (n = 10) daily for seven days for the assessment of the chronic effect of SNS. (1) When the stimulation amplitude was reduced from 90% of motor threshold to 65% or 40% motor threshold, SNS with certain parameters showed an inhibitory effect on abdominal withdrawal reflex. The best stimulation parameters for SNS were “14 Hz, 330 µs, and 40% motor threshold.” (2) SNS significantly reduced visceral hypersensitivity and improved autonomic function in restraint stress-induced rats. The inhibitory effect was blocked by naloxone. (3)Acute and chronic SNS significantly reduced visceral hypersensitivity and improved autonomic function in acetic acid-treated rats. SNS with reduced stimulation strength may be used to treat colonic hypersensitivity and the best stimulation parameters seem to be “14 Hz, 330 µs and 40% motor threshold”. SNS with optimized parameters improved visceral hypersensitivity in rodent models of colonic hypersensitivity mediated via the autonomic and opioid mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecular Pain
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Sacral nerve stimulation
  • autonomic function
  • colorectal distention
  • visceral hypersensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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