Sabril® registry 5-year results: Characteristics of adult patients treated with vigabatrin

Gregory Krauss, Edward Faught, Rod Foroozan, John M. Pellock, Robert C. Sergott, W. Donald Shields, Adam Ziemann, Yekaterina Dribinsky, Deborah Lee, Sarah Torri, Feisal Othman, Jouko Isojarvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Vigabatrin (Sabril®), approved in the US in 2009, is currently indicated as adjunctive therapy for refractory complex partial seizures (rCPS) in patients ≥ 10 years old who have responded inadequately to several alternative treatments and as monotherapy for infantile spasms (IS) in patients 1 month to 2 years of age. Because of reports of vision loss following vigabatrin exposure, FDA approval required a risk evaluation mitigation strategy (REMS) program. Vigabatrin is only available in the US through Support, Help, And Resources for Epilepsy (SHARE), which includes a mandated registry. This article describes 5 years of demographic and treatment exposure data from adult patients (≥ 17 years old) in the US treated with vigabatrin and monitored in the ongoing Sabril® registry. Registry participation is mandatory for all US Sabril® prescribers and patients. A benefit-risk assessment must be documented by the physician for a patient to progress to maintenance therapy, defined as 1 month of vigabatrin treatment for patients with IS and 3 months for patients with rCPS. Ophthalmologic assessments must be documented during and after completion of therapy. As of August 26, 2014, a total of 6823 patients were enrolled in the registry, of which 1200 were adults at enrollment. Of these patients, 1031 (86%) were naïve to vigabatrin. The majority of adult patients (n = 783, 65%) had previously been prescribed ≥ 4 AEDs, and 719 (60%) were receiving ≥ 3 concomitant AEDs at vigabatrin initiation. Prescribers submitted an initial ophthalmological assessment form for 863 patients; an ophthalmologic exam was not completed for 300 (35%) patients and thus, were considered exempted from vision testing. Of these patients, 128 (43%) were exempted for neurologic disabilities. Clinicians discontinued treatment in 8 patients because of visual field deficits (VFD) (5 patients naïve to vigabatrin and 3 patients previously exposed). Based on Kaplan-Meier survival estimates, it is estimated that approximately 71%, 55%, and 40% of adult patients naïve to vigabatrin would remain in the registry at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. These demographic data suggest that a proportion of adult patients remain on vigabatrin long-term despite the risks of adverse events and significant underlying AED resistance and neurologic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-19
Number of pages5
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume56
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Adult patients
  • Epilepsy
  • Infantile spasms
  • Patient registry
  • Refractory complex partial seizures
  • Vigabatrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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