Data from a 1983-88 retrospective panel study of 797 rural (non- Metropolitan Statistical Area) U.S. hospitals revealed that less than one in five (18.7%) had any alcohol and chemical abuse (ACA) service. About one- third of both inpatient and outpatient services had been established during the study period, but few hospitals not offering these services planned to offer them in the immediate future. These findings support other studies that the availability of such services may not meet population need or demand, although non-hospital-sponsored services might partially fill the gap. Bivariate analysis showed that hospital locations in counties that were more densely populated, had higher per capita income and had more physicians per 1,000 population were positively associated with ACA services. Hospitals that were in the New England, Mid-Atlantic, East North Central census divisions, and were large according to number of beds, presence of psychiatric services, availability of psychiatrists and other nonphysician personnel, certain organizational arrangements and strategic management activities were positively associated with ACA services. Multivariable logistic regression suggested the presence of psychiatric services as a key correlated of ACA services, and the scarcity of psychiatric personnel in rural areas appears to have been a major reason for the infrequency of rural hospital-sponsored ACA services.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)