Rsu1 contributes to regulation of cell adhesion and spreading by PINCH1-dependent and - Independent mechanisms

Reyda Gonzalez-Nieves, Akiko Iwahari Desantis, Mary Cutler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cell adhesion and migration are complex processes that require integrin activation, the formation and dissolution of focal adhesion (FAs), and linkage of actin cytoskeleton to the FAs. The IPP (ILK, PINCH, Parvin) complex regulates FA formation via binding of the adaptor protein ILK to β1 integrin, PINCH and parvin. The signaling protein Rsu1 is linked to the complex via binding PINCH1. The role of Rsu1 and PINCH1 in adhesion and migration was examined in non-transformed mammary epithelial cells. Confocal microscopy revealed that the depletion of either Rsu1 or PINCH1 by siRNA in MCF10A cells decreased the number of focal adhesions and altered the distribution and localization of β1 integrin, vinculin, talin and paxillin without affecting the levels of FA protein expression. This correlated with reduced adhesion, failure to spread or migrate in response to EGF and a loss of actin stress fibers and caveolae. In addition, constitutive phosphorylation of actin regulatory proteins occurred in the absence of PINCH1. The depletion of Rsu1 caused significant reduction in PINCH1 implying that Rsu1 may function by regulating levels of PINCH1. However, while both Rsu1- or PINCH1-depleted cells retained the ability to activate adhesion signaling in response to EGF stimulation, only Rsu1 was required for EGF-induced p38 Map Kinase phosphorylation and ATF2 activation, suggesting an Rsu1 function independent from the IPP complex. Reconstitution of Rsu1-depleted cells with an Rsu1 mutant that does not bind to PINCH1 failed to restore FAs or migration but did promote spreading and constitutive p38 activation. These data show that Rsu1-PINCH1 association with ILK and the IPP complex is required for regulation of adhesion and migration but that Rsu1 has a critical role in linking integrin-induced adhesion to activation of p38 Map kinase signaling and cell spreading. Moreover, it suggests that Rsu1 may regulate p38 signaling from the IPP complex affecting other functions including survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-293
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Cell Communication and Signaling
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Focal Adhesions
Cell adhesion
Cell Adhesion
Adhesion
Integrins
Epidermal Growth Factor
Actins
Chemical activation
Phosphotransferases
Phosphorylation
Talin
Paxillin
Vinculin
Caveolae
Stress Fibers
Proteins
Actin Cytoskeleton
Confocal Microscopy
Small Interfering RNA
Cell Movement

Keywords

  • Cell adhesion
  • Cell migration
  • PINCH1
  • Rsu1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Rsu1 contributes to regulation of cell adhesion and spreading by PINCH1-dependent and - Independent mechanisms. / Gonzalez-Nieves, Reyda; Desantis, Akiko Iwahari; Cutler, Mary.

In: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling, Vol. 7, No. 4, 12.2013, p. 279-293.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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