Routine cultures of bone marrow and peripheral stem cell harvests: Clinical impact, cost analysis, and review

Rana M. Nasser, Ihab Hajjar, Linda M. Sandhaus, Geraldine S. Hall, Robin K. Avery, Brian J. Bolwell, David L. Longworth, Karim A. Adal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The American Association of Blood Banks requires routine culture of hematopoietic progenitor cells prior to bone marrow transplantation. We sought to evaluate the cost of that requirement and the incidence and clinical significance of positive cultures. We performed a retrospective analysis of transplant recipients at our institution. Of the 605 patients for whom 1,934 consecutive cultures of harvests were done between December 1992 and February 1996, 11 had positive cultures. Six patients received a culture- positive harvest with no adverse effects. The total cost of cultures was $35,660 (U.S. $). In North America and worldwide in 1995, routine culture of harvests would have prevented 7.9 and 18.9 cases of bacteremia, respectively, at a cost of $95,000 per bacteremia prevented. We conclude that routine culture of hematopoietic progenitor cells yields low rates of positivity and that infusion of contaminated harvests rarely results in clinically adverse outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)886-888
Number of pages3
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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