Role of sterol regulatory element binding proteins in the regulation of Gαi2 expression in cultured atrial cells

Ho Jin Park, Ulrike Begley, Dequan Kong, Haiyan Yu, Liya Yin, F. Bradley Hillgartner, Timothy F. Osborne, Jonas B. Galper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have previously demonstrated that growth of embryonic chick atrial cells in medium supplemented with lipoprotein-depleted serum (LPDS) resulted in a coordinate increase in the expression of genes involved in the parasympathetic response of the heart (the M2 muscarinic receptor; the α-subunit of the heterotrimeric G protein, Gαi2; and the inward rectifying K+ channel protein, GIRK1) and a marked increase in the negative chronotropic response of atrial cells to muscarinic stimulation. In the present study, we demonstrate that regulation of Gαi2 promoter activity by LPDS is mediated by the binding of a sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP) to a sterol regulatory element (SRE) in the Gαi2 promoter. Deletion and point mutation of this putative SRE interfered with the regulation of the Gαi2 promoter by SREBP and LPDS. Furthermore gel shift assays demonstrated that point mutations in the putative Gαi2 SRE markedly inhibited the binding of purified SREBP to oligonucleotides containing the Gαi2 SRE sequence. The expression of a dominant-negative SREBP mutant interfered with LPDS stimulation of Gαi2 promoter activity. Finally, we demonstrate that SREBP-1 is markedly more potent than SREBP-2 for the stimulation of Gαi2 promoter activity, suggesting that SREBP1 may play a role in the regulation of Gαi2 expression. These are the first data to demonstrate SREBP regulation of a protein not involved in lipid homeostasis and suggest a new relationship between lipid metabolism and the parasympathetic response of the heart.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-37
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation research
Volume91
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 12 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • G proteins
  • Parasympathetic response of the heart
  • Sterol regulatory element binding proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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