Role of psychosocial treatments in management of schizophrenia: A meta- analytic review of controlled outcome studies

Ramin Mojtabai, Robert A. Nicholson, Bruce N. Carpenter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This meta-analytic review sought to answer questions concerning the role of psychosocial treatments in the comprehensive management of patients with schizophrenia. The review focused on the effects of combining psychosocial treatment with somatic treatment. Findings demonstrated the additive and supplementary effects of psychosocial treatments and the durability of these effects. Patients with more chronic illness appeared to be more responsive to psychosocial treatments, as were patients in studies conducted in non- Western countries. Among the Western countries, studies from Scandinavian countries reported the least effectiveness for psychosocial treatments. There was some evidence for differential effect of psychosocial treatments on different dimensions of illness as the measures of disorganized behavior and employment showed little difference in treated and control groups. There was also some evidence for differences between different modalities of treatment as group treatments produced smaller effects. Implications for practice and future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)569-587
Number of pages19
JournalSchizophrenia bulletin
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Combination treatment
  • Psychosocial treatment
  • Psychotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Role of psychosocial treatments in management of schizophrenia: A meta- analytic review of controlled outcome studies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this