Role of physical activity in cartilage damage progression of subjects with baseline full-thickness cartilage defects in medial tibiofemoral compartment: Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative

R. M. Kwee, W. Wirth, N. Hafezi-Nejad, Bashir Zikria, A. Guermazi, Shadpour Demehri

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the association between physical activity and cartilage damage progression in medial tibiofemoral compartment (MTFC) using 2-year follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in subjects with denuded areas of subchondral bone (dABs) at the central weight-bearing medial femur (cMF) at baseline MRI examination. Methods: One hundred subjects from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) progression cohort with dABs at the cMF at 3T MRI at baseline (51% men; mean age 62.2 years, range 45-79) were included. Sagittal 3D dual-echo steady-state with water excitation images were used to assess 2-year MTFC cartilage change. Associations between 2-year average Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) and 2-year MTFC cartilage change were assessed by linear regression analysis. Subgroup analyses were performed. Results: No associations between PASE and 2-year MTFC cartilage change were observed in the entire cohort. Similarly, in the subgroup with cartilage loss during the 2 years, the non-refuted confidence intervals for the regression coefficients were tightly clustered around the null value (regression coefficients for: mean cMF.ThCtAB = -0.00059; 98.75% CI: -0.00130 to 0.00012), cMF.dAB% = 0.02176; 98.75% CI: -0.02514 to 0.06865, Mean MT.ThCtAB = -0.00013; 98.75% CI: -0.00064 to 0.00038, MT.dAB% = 0.02543; 98.75% CI: -0.01485 to 0.06571. Conclusion: In the entire group of subjects with dABs at the cMF at baseline, no association between physical activity and 2-year MTFC cartilage change was detected. Due to the limited sample size of our study, small-sized effects may not have been detected in our study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Sep 28 2015

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Keywords

  • Cartilage
  • Denuded bone
  • Knee
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Physical activity
  • Progression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rheumatology

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