Role of inter-α-inhibitor and its related proteins in urolithiasis. Purification of an inter-α-inhibitor related protein from the bovine kidney

Fouad Atmani, Saeed R. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Urine contains several macromolecules that inhibit calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystallization. Among them is bikunin, the light chain of most of the inter-α-inhibitor (IαI) family of glycoproteins. This study aimed to verify whether bikunin and other members of the IαI family are synthesized in the kidneys or derived exclusively from the plasma. Proteins extracted from homogenized bovine kidney were applied successively to three chromatographic steps on DEAE-Sephacel, Sephacryl S-300, and Mono Q column. The inhibitory activity was assayed using a CaOx crystallization system. The presence of IαI-related proteins was determined by electrophoresis and Western blotting. The results showed that kidney extract contained a 125-kDa protein that cross-reacted with anti-IαI antibodies. This protein inhibited CaOx crystallization efficiently. According to its molecular weight and immunoreaction with anti-IαI antibody, the 125-kDa protein could be pre-α- inhibitor. The latter is known to encompass a heavy chain and bikunin, which may explain its inhibitory activity against CaOx crystallization. Consequently, we hypothesize that kidneys may produce some IαI-related proteins that are involved in the inhibition of stone formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-61
Number of pages5
JournalUrological Research
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bikunin
  • Bovine kidney
  • Calcium oxalate crystallization
  • Chromatography
  • Inter-α- inhibitor
  • Nephrolithiasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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