Role of hypotension in decreasing cerebral blood flow in porcine endotoxemia

C. F. Miller, M. J. Breslow, R. M. Shapiro, R. J. Traystman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The role of reduced arterial blood pressure (MAP) in decreasing cerebral blood flow (CBF) during endotoxemia was studied in pentobarbital-anesthetized pigs. Microspheres (15 μm diam) were used to measure regional CBF changes during MAP manipulations in animals with and without endotoxin. Endotoxin (0.2 mg/kg iv) decreased MAP to 50 mmHg and decreased blood flow to the cortex and cerebellum without affecting cerebral cortical oxygen consumption (CMRO2). Elevating MAP from 50 to 70 mmHg during endotoxemia with norepinephrine (1.82 ± 0.58 μg·kg-1·min-1, iv) did not change cortical blood flow or CMRO2 but increased cerebellar blood flow. Brain stem blood flow was not affected by endotoxin or norepinephrine. When MAP was decreased to 50 mmHg by hemorrhage without endotoxin, no change in blood flow to cortex, cerebellum, or brain stem was observed from base-line levels. These results suggest that decreased MAP below a lower limit for cerebral autoregulation does not account for the decreased CBF observed after endotoxin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume253
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1987

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Cerebrovascular Circulation
Endotoxemia
Endotoxins
Hypotension
Swine
Cerebellum
Brain Stem
Norepinephrine
Regional Blood Flow
Pentobarbital
Microspheres
Oxygen Consumption
Arterial Pressure
Homeostasis
Hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

Role of hypotension in decreasing cerebral blood flow in porcine endotoxemia. / Miller, C. F.; Breslow, M. J.; Shapiro, R. M.; Traystman, R. J.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 253, No. 4, 1987.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Miller, C. F. ; Breslow, M. J. ; Shapiro, R. M. ; Traystman, R. J. / Role of hypotension in decreasing cerebral blood flow in porcine endotoxemia. In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. 1987 ; Vol. 253, No. 4.
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