The roles of glycosylation and protein synthesis in the maintenance of insulin receptor levels and turnover rates in 3T3-L1 adipocytes were investigated. The heavy isotope density-shift technique was employed to determine the effects of inhibitors of these processes on the rates of synthesis and degradation of cellular insulin receptors. Inhibitors of protein synthesis--i.e., cycloheximide and puromycin--markedly decreased the rate of degradation of the insulin receptor, the half-life for receptor decay increasing from 7.5 hr without to 25 hr with inhibitor. The continued synthesis of a short-lived protein appears to be necessary for normal insulin receptor turnover. Tunicamycin, a potent inhibitor of core oligosaccharide addition in the formation of N-glycosidically linked glycoproteins, caused the depletion of cell-surface and total cellular detergent-extractable insulin receptors. This inhibitor totally prevented the formation of functional newly synthesized insulin receptor, yet receptor degradation was affected minimally. Thus, glycosylation of the receptor appears to be required for its activation after translation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - May 1981|
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