Role of Fracture and Repair Type on Pain and Opioid Use After Hip Fracture in the Elderly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pain after hip fracture repair is related to worse functional outcomes and higher fracture care costs than that for patients with no or less pain. However, to our knowledge, few studies have examined the roles of hip fracture type or surgical procedure as factors influencing postoperative pain or opioid analgesic requirements. Our goal was to determine whether the type of hip fracture or hip fracture repair affects postoperative pain or opioid analgesic requirements in the elderly patient. We conducted a retrospective review of 231 patients ≥65 years old admitted to a hip fracture center for surgical repair. Fracture patterns were classified into femoral neck (FN) versus intertrochanteric (IT), stable versus unstable, and type of surgical repair. Demographic and intraoperative variables, postoperative pain scores, and opioid analgesic use data were collected and analyzed according to the type of hip fracture and type of surgical repair. There were no differences in postoperative pain when comparing FN versus IT fractures, stable versus unstable fractures, or type of surgical repair. Patients with FN fractures had higher analgesic requirements on postoperative days 1, 2, and 3. There was no difference in postoperative analgesic requirements among patients with stable versus unstable fractures or type of surgical repair. Otherwise, there were no differences in postoperative pain or opioid analgesic use based on the surgical repair or fracture type. Overall, patients with hip fracture experienced low levels of pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-108
Number of pages6
JournalGeriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

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Keywords

  • femoral neck fracture
  • hip fracture
  • intertrochanteric fracture
  • pain
  • postoperative management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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