Role of calcium in organic osmolyte efflux when MDCK cells are shifted from hypertonic to isotonic medium

Serena M Bagnasco, M. H. Montrose, J. S. Handler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells accumulate the nonperturbing osmolytes myo-inositol and betaine when grown in hypertonic medium. When returned to isotonic conditions, there is a transient basolateral efflux of these osmolytes, contributing to regulatory volume decrease. Using fura-2 fluorescence, we estimated intracellular calcium concentrations after switching MDCK cells from 500 to 300 mosM medium. Cell calcium increased 565 ± 93 nM within 5 min. Lowering extracellular calcium inhibited the increase in cell calcium and osmolyte efflux when cells were shifted from 500 to 300 mosM medium. The calcium channel blockers lanthanum and nifedipine also inhibited osmolyte efflux after the shift from 500 to 300 mosM. In the absence of change in medium tonicity, increasing cell calcium by exposure to 1 μM ionomycin did not alter osmolyte efflux. As in PAP-HT25 cells, the cytochrome P-450 inhibitors ketoconazole and SKF-525A inhibited the efflux of both osmolytes caused by a reduction in osmolarity. Thus an early rise in cell calcium that is dependent on extracellular calcium and a pathway blocked by inhibitors of cytochrome P-450 oxidase are critical in regulation of osmolyte efflux when MDCK cells are shifted from hypertonic to isotonic medium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume264
Issue number5 33-5
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells
Calcium
Proadifen
Lanthanum
Betaine
NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase
Ionomycin
Ketoconazole
Fura-2
Calcium Channel Blockers
Inositol
Nifedipine
Osmolar Concentration
Fluorescence

Keywords

  • adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate
  • ketoconazole
  • lanthanum
  • nifedipine
  • osmolytes
  • P-450 metabolite
  • phorbol ester
  • verapamil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

Role of calcium in organic osmolyte efflux when MDCK cells are shifted from hypertonic to isotonic medium. / Bagnasco, Serena M; Montrose, M. H.; Handler, J. S.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, Vol. 264, No. 5 33-5, 1993.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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