Role of activated nuclear factor-κB in the pathogenesis and therapy of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck

Clint T. Allen, Justin L. Ricker, Zhong Chen, Carter Van Waes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Background. Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), a transcription factor known to modulate expression of factors involved in inflammation, immunity, proliferation, and apoptosis, is constitutively activated and plays a role in pathogenesis and therapeutic resistance in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Understanding the molecular alterations leading to aberrant NF-κB activation in HNSCC may direct investigators to novel therapeutic targets. Methods. Results of laboratory and clinical studies are reviewed. Results. The structure, function, and activation of NF-κB, products of NF-κB target genes and their role in HNSCC oncogenesis, and current NF-κB modulating interventions are described. Conclusions. Aberrant NF-κB activation contributes to the expression of oncogenes and the malignant phenotype observed in HNSCC. NF-κB, along with providing a link between cancer and inflammation, may serve as an appropriate therapeutic target to inhibit tumor growth and sensitize cancer cells to established cytotoxic anticancer therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)959-971
Number of pages13
JournalHead and Neck
Volume29
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2007

Keywords

  • Bortezomib
  • EGFR
  • Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
  • Nuclear factor-κB
  • Signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Role of activated nuclear factor-κB in the pathogenesis and therapy of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this