Rocky Mountain spotted fever

Aaron Milstone, J. Stephen Dumler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Rocky Mountain spotted fever is an acute febrile illness transmitted to man by ticks infected with Rickettsia rickettsii. Usually sudden in onset, it is characterized by chills, headache, and fever lasting 2 or more weeks. A characteristic rash appears on the extremities on about the 4th febrile day and spreads to the trunk. The exanthem and other anatomical manifestations result from focal areas of vasculitis and perivascular inflammation scattered throughout the body. Central nervous system (CNS) manifestations of delirium and coma as well as shock and renal failure occur in the severely ill. Serum antibodies to specific rickettsial antigens appear during the 2nd and 3rd weeks of illness. The tetracyclines are highly effective therapeutically.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBacterial Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control
PublisherSpringer US
Pages661-676
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9780387098425
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Milstone, A., & Dumler, J. S. (2009). Rocky Mountain spotted fever. In Bacterial Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control (pp. 661-676). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-09843-2_31