Immunotherapy has shown limited success in prostate cancer; this may be partially explained by its immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME). Although androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT), the most common treatment for prostate cancer, initially promotes a robust T cell infiltrate, T cell responses are later attenuated. Based on the castration-sensitive Myc-CaP model, we developed an antigen-specific system to study CD8 T cell tolerance to prostate tumors. This model is unique in that CD8 T cells recognize a bona-fide tumor antigen (Her-2/neu), rather than an overexpressed xenogenic antigen like chicken ovalbumin or influenza hemagglutinin. Using this novel model, we demonstrate robust tolerance that is not alleviated by TLR agonists or ADT. This model may serve as a novel and useful tool to further interrogate methods by which to augment anti-tumor cancer immune responses to prostate cancer. Significance: Prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death in men worldwide, with an estimated 33,000 deaths projected in the U.S. in 2020. Although primary (localized) tumors can be cured by surgery or radiation, approximately 40% of patients eventually develop recurrent disease. While initially responsive to androgen-deprivation, many patients with recurrent prostate cancer eventually progress to a more advanced disease state known as metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC); this is the lethal phenotype. These studies describe a novel androgen-responsive murine cell line that expresses a bona-fide tumor antigen (Her-2/neu). Pre-clinical work with this model shows robust and antigen-specific CD8 T cell tolerance, providing a novel preclinical model to study CD8 T cell tolerance to prostate tumors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2020|
- androgen-deprivation therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy