Robust antibody and CD8+ T-cell responses induced by P. falciparum CSP adsorbed to cationic liposomal adjuvant CAF09 confer sterilizing immunity against experimental rodent malaria infection

Diego A. Espinosa, Dennis Christensen, Christian Muñoz, Sanjay Singh, Emily Locke, Peter Andersen, Fidel P Zavala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Despite several decades of extensive research, the development of a highly efficacious malaria vaccine has yet to be accomplished. While the RTS,S malaria vaccine candidate shows the potential to prevent a substantial number of clinical malaria cases, significant improvements in protective efficacy are still needed. Multiple studies have shown that RTS,S induces protective antibody and CD4+ T-cell responses, but limited or negligible CD8+ T cells. In this study, we evaluated the immunogenicity and protective capacity of full-length recombinant Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein administered with the novel cationic liposomal adjuvant system CAF09. Using newly developed transgenic rodent malaria parasites expressing the full-length Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein, we demonstrate that this liposome-based protein-in-adjuvant formulation is capable of inducing robust antibody and CD8+ T-cell responses that strongly inhibit parasite infection and development of liver stages, conferring durable sterilizing immunity. These findings underscore the potential of liposome-based adjuvants for inducing robust humoral and CD8+ T-cell responses and warrant further studies toward the development of novel subunit vaccine formulations with this adjuvant system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number10
Journalnpj Vaccines
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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