Robotic transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy

Sunghwan Lim, Changhan Jun, Doyoung Chang, Doru Petrisor, Misop Han, Dan Stoianovici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present a robot-assisted approach for transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided prostate biopsy. The robot is a hands-free probe manipulator that moves the probe with the same 4 DoF that are used manually. Software was developed for three-dimensional (3-D) imaging, biopsy planning, robot control, and navigation. Methods to minimize the deformation of the prostate caused by the probe at 3-D imaging and needle targeting were developed to reduce biopsy targeting errors. We also present a prostate coordinate system (PCS). The PCS helps defining a systematic biopsy plan without the need for prostate segmentation. Comprehensive tests were performed, including two bench tests, one imaging test, two in vitro targeting tests, and an IRB-approved clinical trial on five patients. Preclinical tests showed that image-based needle targeting can be accomplished with accuracy on the order of 1 mm. Prostate biopsy can be accomplished with minimal TRUS pressure on the gland and submillimetric prostate deformations. All five clinical cases were successful with an average procedure time of 13 min and millimeter targeting accuracy. Hands-free TRUS operation, transrectal TRUS guided prostate biopsy with minimal prostate deformations, and the PCS-based biopsy plan are novel methods. Robot-assisted prostate biopsy is safe and feasible. Accurate needle targeting has the potential to increase the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2527-2537
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Volume66
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Medical robot
  • Prostate biopsy
  • Remote center of motion RCM
  • TRUS
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering

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