A robot is a mechanical device controlled by a computer. The first industrial robot was created by J. Engelberger and G. Deroe in 1961 and consisted of an articulated arm used in the automobile industry. The first robotic systems in the field of medicine began in the 1980s and were derived from industrial robots. However, the medical requirements for safety, sterility, and demanding constraints of the applications led to the development of specialized robots. In urology, robotics was introduced in 1989 by B. Davies at the Imperial College in London for transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).1.
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