The integration of robotics into the field of gynecologic surgery initially involved a voice-recognition system and robotic control of laparoscopic camera movement (AESOP’ Endoscope Positioner (Computer Motion Inc., Goleta, CA)). This technology further evolved with the ZEUS’ Surgical System (Computer Motion Inc., Goleta, CA) to include two robotic arms, thereby allowing the surgeon to operate from a console away from the operative table. The da Vinci Surgical System’ (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA, USA), which was approved for gynecologic surgery in 2005 by the United States Food and Drug Administration, incorporates three or four robotic arms to allow surgeon control of the visual field and up to three laparoscopic instruments.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgery|
|Publisher||Springer Berlin Heidelberg|
|Number of pages||13|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas