Road injuries and relaxed licensing requirements for driving light motorcycles in Spain: A time-series analysis

Katherine Pérez, Marc Marí-Dell'Olmo, Carme Borrell, Manel Nebot, Joan R. Villalbí, Elena Santamariña, Aurelio Tobias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To assess differences between the risk of injury for motorcycle riders before and after the passing of a law allowing licenced car drivers to drive light motorcycles without having to take a special motorcycle driving test. Methods: We carried out a quasi-experimental study involving comparison groups, and a time-series analysis from 1 January 2002 to 30 April 2008. The study group was composed of people injured while driving or riding a light motorcycle (engine capacity 51-125 cubic centimetres), while the comparison groups consisted of riders of heavy motorcycles (engine capacity > 125 cc), mopeds (engine capacity ≤ 50 cc) or cars who were injured in a collision within the city limits. The "intervention" was a law passed in October 2004 allowing car drivers to drive light motorcycles without taking a special driving test. To detect and quantify changes over time we used Poisson regression, with adjustments for trend and seasonality in road injuries and the existence of a driver's licence penalty point system. Findings: The risk of injury among light motorcycle riders was greater after the law than before (relative risk, RR = 1.46; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.34-1.60). Although less markedly, after the law the risk of injury also increased among heavy motorcycle drivers (RR = 1.15; 95% CI: 1.02-1.29) but remained unchanged among riders of mopeds (RR = 0.92; 95% CI: 0.83-1.01) and cars (RR = 1.06; 95% CI: 0.97-1.16). Conclusion: Allowing car drivers to drive motorcycles without passing a special test increases the number of road injuries from motorcycle accidents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-504
Number of pages8
JournalBulletin of the World Health Organization
Volume87
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Pérez, K., Marí-Dell'Olmo, M., Borrell, C., Nebot, M., Villalbí, J. R., Santamariña, E., & Tobias, A. (2009). Road injuries and relaxed licensing requirements for driving light motorcycles in Spain: A time-series analysis. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 87(7), 497-504. https://doi.org/10.2471/BLT.08.051847