RNA editing of the glutamate receptor subunits GluR2 and GluR6 in human brain tissue

Wulf Paschen, John C. Hedreen, Christopher A. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Editing of mRNA in the coding region of the second transmembrane domain of glutamate receptor subunits GluR2, GluR5, and GluR6 involves a change of the base A in genomic DNA to the base G in mRNA as described in rat brain. To determine whether this reaction occurs in humans as well as rats, we studied RNA editing of GluR2 and GluR6 in human brain. We compared the extent of editing in controls and cases with Huntington's disease. To assay the extent of editing in brain RNA, first strand cDNA was amplified using the polymerase chain reaction yielding a product across the region of the second transmembrane spanning segment in which editing takes place in rats. The PCR product was incubated with the restriction enzyme BbvI, which recognizes the sequence GCAGC present in the nonedited sequence of the mRNA in subunits GluR2 and GluR6. Thus, BbvI cuts the nonedited version but leaves the edited version intact. As in the rat, the GluR2 subunit mRNA was completely edited in human brain. The GluR6 subunit was nearly completely edited in all gray matter structures investigated including cortex, striatum, thalamus, hippocampus, amygdala, and cerebellum with extent of editing ranging from 89% in the cerebellum to 95% in the cortex and striatum. No significant differences in the extent of RNA editing were apparent in control versus Huntington's disease brains. To compare the extent of editing in neurons and glia in the brain, editing in cerebral cortex (predominantly gray matter and thus neurons) was compared with editing in corpus callosum (white matter and thus nearly completely glial cells). In white matter, GluR2 was completely edited, whereas GluR6 was only ~10% edited compared with ~90% edited in gray matter. Thus, these studies indicate that RNA editing is seen in human brain as well as rat brain and that the extent of editing is similar in Huntington's disease compared with controls. The differences in editing in white matter for GluR6, but not for GluR2, suggest that different templates could be subject to different editing activities that undergo tissue-specific regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1596-1602
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume63
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1994

Keywords

  • Glutamate receptor subunit
  • Huntington's disease
  • Polymerase chain reaction
  • RNA editing
  • Rat brain
  • Restriction enzyme

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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