Risks and predictors of readmission for a mental disorder during the postpartum period

Trine Munk-Olsen, Thomas Munk Laursen, Tamar Mendelson, Carsten B. Pedersen, Ole Mors, Preben Bo Mortensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Context: It has been suggested that the risk of inpatient psychiatric readmissions is elevated during the postpartum period. To our knowledge, no prior study has compared mothers and nonmothers to determine whether the risk of readmission differs between these 2 groups of women. Objectives: To compare mothers and nonmothers to assess whether childbirth increases the risk for psychiatric readmission and to identify predictors of psychiatric readmission during the postpartum period. Design: A population-based cohort study merging data from the Danish Civil Registration System and the Danish Psychiatric Central Register. Setting: The population of Denmark. Participants: Two partly overlapping study populations included a total of 28 124 women, 10 218 of whom were mothers, who were followed up from January 1, 1973, through June 30, 2005. Main Outcome Measure: Readmission rates to psychiatric hospitals during the 12 months after childbirth (first live-born child). Results: The period of highest risk of psychiatric read-mission in new mothers was 10 to 19 days post partum (relative risk [RR], 2.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.68-4.37), and the period of lowest risk was during pregnancy (0.54; 0.43-0.69). Childbirth was associated with an increased risk of readmission during the first post-partum month, after which risk for readmission was higher among nonmothers (RR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.31-1.80). Aprevious diagnosis of bipolar affective disorder was the strongest predictor of readmissions 10 to 19 days post par- tum (RR, 37.22; 95% CI, 13.58-102.04). In all, 26.9% of mothers with this diagnosis were readmitted within the first postpartum year. Conclusions: Mothers with mental disorders have lower readmission rates compared with women with mental disorders who do not have children. However, the first month after childbirth is associated with increased risk of psychiatric readmission, and women with a history of bipolar affective disorder are at particular risk of postpartum psychiatric readmissions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-195
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

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Mental Disorders
Postpartum Period
Psychiatry
Mothers
Parturition
Confidence Intervals
Mood Disorders
Bipolar Disorder
Population
Psychiatric Hospitals
Denmark
Inpatients
Cohort Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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Risks and predictors of readmission for a mental disorder during the postpartum period. / Munk-Olsen, Trine; Laursen, Thomas Munk; Mendelson, Tamar; Pedersen, Carsten B.; Mors, Ole; Mortensen, Preben Bo.

In: Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 66, No. 2, 02.2009, p. 189-195.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Munk-Olsen, Trine ; Laursen, Thomas Munk ; Mendelson, Tamar ; Pedersen, Carsten B. ; Mors, Ole ; Mortensen, Preben Bo. / Risks and predictors of readmission for a mental disorder during the postpartum period. In: Archives of General Psychiatry. 2009 ; Vol. 66, No. 2. pp. 189-195.
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abstract = "Context: It has been suggested that the risk of inpatient psychiatric readmissions is elevated during the postpartum period. To our knowledge, no prior study has compared mothers and nonmothers to determine whether the risk of readmission differs between these 2 groups of women. Objectives: To compare mothers and nonmothers to assess whether childbirth increases the risk for psychiatric readmission and to identify predictors of psychiatric readmission during the postpartum period. Design: A population-based cohort study merging data from the Danish Civil Registration System and the Danish Psychiatric Central Register. Setting: The population of Denmark. Participants: Two partly overlapping study populations included a total of 28 124 women, 10 218 of whom were mothers, who were followed up from January 1, 1973, through June 30, 2005. Main Outcome Measure: Readmission rates to psychiatric hospitals during the 12 months after childbirth (first live-born child). Results: The period of highest risk of psychiatric read-mission in new mothers was 10 to 19 days post partum (relative risk [RR], 2.71; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 1.68-4.37), and the period of lowest risk was during pregnancy (0.54; 0.43-0.69). Childbirth was associated with an increased risk of readmission during the first post-partum month, after which risk for readmission was higher among nonmothers (RR, 1.53; 95{\%} CI, 1.31-1.80). Aprevious diagnosis of bipolar affective disorder was the strongest predictor of readmissions 10 to 19 days post par- tum (RR, 37.22; 95{\%} CI, 13.58-102.04). In all, 26.9{\%} of mothers with this diagnosis were readmitted within the first postpartum year. Conclusions: Mothers with mental disorders have lower readmission rates compared with women with mental disorders who do not have children. However, the first month after childbirth is associated with increased risk of psychiatric readmission, and women with a history of bipolar affective disorder are at particular risk of postpartum psychiatric readmissions.",
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