Risk of psychoactive substance dependence among substance users in a trauma inpatient population

Silvia S. Martins, Marc L. Copersino, Carl A. Soderstrom, Gordon S. Smith, Patricia C. Dischinger, David R. McDuff, J. Richard Hebel, Timothy J. Kerns, Shiu M. Ho, Kathleen M. Read, David A. Gorelick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

One measure of a substance's addictive risk is the proportion of users who become dependent. This study evaluates the lifetime and current risk of substance dependence among lifetime substance users' among trauma inpatients and provides a relative ranking of addictive risk among the substances. Data on use of 8 substance groups (alcohol, opiates, marijuana, cocaine, other stimulants, sedative-hypnotics, hallucinogens, other drugs) were obtained by interview (Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-III-R) from 1,118 adult trauma inpatients. Prevalence of lifetime dependence among lifetime users ranged from 80.7% for opiates and 70.9% for cocaine to 33.3% for hallucinogens and 26.6% for sedative-hypnotics. The rank order of addictive risk was similar to that found in the general population. Trauma inpatients had a higher absolute addictive risk than the general population, comparable to the risk found in patients in treatment for substance use disorders, suggesting the importance of screening trauma inpatients for substance dependence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Addictive Diseases
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

Fingerprint

Substance-Related Disorders
Inpatients
Opiate Alkaloids
Wounds and Injuries
Population
Hallucinogens
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Cocaine
Interviews
Cannabis
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Alcohols
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Hallucinogens
  • Psychoactive substance
  • Substance dependence
  • Trauma inpatient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Martins, S. S., Copersino, M. L., Soderstrom, C. A., Smith, G. S., Dischinger, P. C., McDuff, D. R., ... Gorelick, D. A. (2007). Risk of psychoactive substance dependence among substance users in a trauma inpatient population. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 26(1), 71-77. https://doi.org/10.1300/J069v26n01_09

Risk of psychoactive substance dependence among substance users in a trauma inpatient population. / Martins, Silvia S.; Copersino, Marc L.; Soderstrom, Carl A.; Smith, Gordon S.; Dischinger, Patricia C.; McDuff, David R.; Hebel, J. Richard; Kerns, Timothy J.; Ho, Shiu M.; Read, Kathleen M.; Gorelick, David A.

In: Journal of Addictive Diseases, Vol. 26, No. 1, 01.03.2007, p. 71-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Martins, SS, Copersino, ML, Soderstrom, CA, Smith, GS, Dischinger, PC, McDuff, DR, Hebel, JR, Kerns, TJ, Ho, SM, Read, KM & Gorelick, DA 2007, 'Risk of psychoactive substance dependence among substance users in a trauma inpatient population', Journal of Addictive Diseases, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 71-77. https://doi.org/10.1300/J069v26n01_09
Martins SS, Copersino ML, Soderstrom CA, Smith GS, Dischinger PC, McDuff DR et al. Risk of psychoactive substance dependence among substance users in a trauma inpatient population. Journal of Addictive Diseases. 2007 Mar 1;26(1):71-77. https://doi.org/10.1300/J069v26n01_09
Martins, Silvia S. ; Copersino, Marc L. ; Soderstrom, Carl A. ; Smith, Gordon S. ; Dischinger, Patricia C. ; McDuff, David R. ; Hebel, J. Richard ; Kerns, Timothy J. ; Ho, Shiu M. ; Read, Kathleen M. ; Gorelick, David A. / Risk of psychoactive substance dependence among substance users in a trauma inpatient population. In: Journal of Addictive Diseases. 2007 ; Vol. 26, No. 1. pp. 71-77.
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