Risk of ESKD in Older Live Kidney Donors with Hypertension

Fawaz Al Ammary, Xun Luo, Abimereki D. Muzaale, Allan B. Massie, Deidra C. Crews, Madeleine M. Waldram, Mohamud A. Qadi, Jacqueline Garonzik-Wang, Macey L. Henderson, Daniel C. Brennan, Alexander C. Wiseman, Richard C. Lindrooth, Jon J. Snyder, Josef Coresh, Dorry L. Segev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hypertension in older kidney donor candidates is viewed as safe. However, hypertension guidelines have evolved and long-term outcomes have not been explored. We sought to quantify the 15-year risk of ESKD and mortality in older donors (≥50 years old) with versus those without hypertension. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A United States cohort of 24,533 older donors from 1999 to 2016, including 2265 with predonation hypertension, were linked to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services data and the Social Security Death Master File to ascertain ESKD development and mortality. The exposure of interest was predonation hypertension. From 2004 to 2016, hypertension was defined as documented predonation use of antihypertensive therapy, regardless of systolic BP or diastolic BP; from 1999 to 2003, when there was no documentation of antihypertensive therapy, hypertension was defined as predonation systolic BP ≥140 or diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg. RESULTS: Older donors were 82% white, 6% black, 7% Hispanic, and 3% Asian. The median follow-up was 7.1 years (interquartile range, 3.4-11.1; maximum, 18). There were 24 ESKD and 252 death events during the study period. The 15-year risk of ESKD was 0.8% (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.4 to 1.6) for donors with hypertension (mean systolic BP, 138 mm Hg) versus 0.2% (95% CI, 0.1 to 0.4) for donors without hypertension (mean systolic BP, 123 mm Hg; adjusted hazard ratio, 3.04; 95% CI, 1.28 to 7.22; P=0.01). When predonation antihypertensive therapy was available, the risk of ESKD was 6.21-fold higher (95% CI, 1.20 to 32.17; P=0.03) for donors using antihypertensive therapy (mean systolic BP, 132 mm Hg) versus those not using antihypertensive therapy (mean systolic BP, 124 mm Hg). There was no significant association between donor hypertension and 15-year mortality (hazard ratio, 1.18; 95% CI, 0.84 to 1.66; P=0.34). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with older donors without hypertension, older donors with hypertension had higher risk of ESKD, but not mortality, for 15 years postdonation. However, the absolute risk of ESKD was small.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1048-1055
Number of pages8
JournalClinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 5 2019

Keywords

  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • blood pressure
  • ESRD
  • Hispanic Americans
  • hypertension
  • kidney
  • kidney donation
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic
  • Medicaid
  • Medicare
  • mortality
  • Nephrectomy
  • outcomes
  • Social Security
  • Systole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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